The weak empire attracted aggression from external forces like the Afghans, Rajputs, etc. 9. In 1555, Humayun returned to India and defeated the succesor of Sher Shah, Islam Shah and regained India. The Afghan Emperor Sher Shah Suri defeated Humayun in two battles. Humayun was born in 6 March 1508 to Mughal Emperor Babur and Maham Begum in Kabul Afghanistan. History section provides you all type of mcq questions on Mughal Empire with explanations. War with Bahadur Shah. Humayun was the eldest son of Babur. In May 1540 at Kannauj he again defeated Humayun after which he became the master of Delhi and Agra. Sher Khan Sur, who had defeated Humayun at Kanauj in 1540, had used his victory to possess himself of the territories which Babar had conquered, and to add somewhat to them. But, Kamran and Askari troubled him. Biographie. While in Sindh, he married a young Persian girl, Hamida Bano, who joined him in his wanderings. However, after success for a few centuries, the Mughal Dynasty continued to reduce and gradually become powerless entity til the mid of 19th century. Sher Shah Suri founded the Sur Empire in North India having its capital at Delhi. Page-5 section-1 Humayun was defeated. Followed by his defeat Humayun fled to Agra. Humayun rapidly moves to counter the threat and decisively squashes Mahumud’s ambitions at the battle of Dadhra. He tried to check the growing power of Bahadur Shah, the ruler of Gujarat. MCQ Questions for Class 7 Social Science with Answers were prepared based on the latest exam pattern. He was also interested in mathematics, philosophy, and astrology. There were three major problems for Humayun:-In … Question 17. Who was mother of Jahangir? hp1234567890 hp1234567890 04.02.2020 Social Sciences Secondary School Who defeated Humayun 2 In 1555, Humayun defeated the Afghans and recovered the Mughal throne. 4) When did Humayun ascend the throne? Sher Shah continued his attacks on the Mughals and drove Humayun to the west. Answer: Sher Shah defeated Humayun at Chausa (1539) and again at Kanauj (1540). Question 16. Solution(By Examveda Team) The Battle of Chausa (25 June 1539) took place between Mughal Emperor Humayun and Sher Shah Suri (Sher Khan). 'Humayun Nama', a historical chronicle about the reign of Mughal ruler Humayun, was written by which Mughal princess ? Who defeated Humayun in the battle of Chausa? Humayun was able to successfully defeat his brother Kamran at the frontiers and this time he did not show any leniency, his brother was imprisoned, blinded and deported. Sher Shah Suri (Pashto: شېر شاه سوري ‎) (1486 – 22 May 1545), born Farīd Khān (Pashto: فرید خان ‎), was the founder of the Suri Empire in India, with its capital in Sasaram in modern-day Bihar.He introduced the currency of rupee. | EduRev Class 7 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 174 Class 7 Students. sher shah suri first occupied bengal when humayun want it too and he change his … He defeated the Afghan leader Mahmood Lodi who had moved out of Bihar and occupied Jaunpur at Daurah in 1532. Humayun learned Turki, Arabic, and Persian. In 1531, Bahadur Shah Zafar overran Malwa and the next year he turned to Mewar. Join now. In this battle Humayun got defeated. Humayun's first step was the seizure of Kalinjar. Humayun would spend the next 15 years in exile in Sind, Iran, and then Afghanistan. Capture of Lahore: Humayun turned into a homeless wanderer, searching for support in Marwar and Sindh. Defeated in battle by the Afghan Sher Shah of Sur in 1540, Humayun lost control of India. Eventually Humayun left Jahangir Quli Khan with a force of 5000 in Gaur, moved towards the west and reached Chausa near Buxar in 1539. Humayun became a fugitive living the life of a wanderer for 15 years. Humayun went on to Delhi where he defeated the rulers there and once again re- established his empire. Ask your question. An ethnic Afghan ruler, Sher Shah took control of the Mughal Empire in 1540. Log in. His son, Akbar, was born in Lahore in 1542. 5) Who defeated Humayun in the battle of Kanauj? After six months, he died in 1556 due to his fall from the staircase of his library. b) Fortunate. d) Hamida Banu. Mention the Humayun recapture the Delhi throne in 1555. Humayun defeated Mahmood Lodi, who was the Afghan of Bihar. Both Malwa and Gujarat fell into hands of the Mughals, but Humayun was unable to crush Bahadur Shah fully. In 1540, the Mughal domain came under the control of one of those nobles, Farid Khan Sur, who assumed the regional name of Sher Shah Sur. Humayun means “fortune” but he remained the most unfortunate ruler of the Mughal Empire. 2) Who of the following was not a brother of Humayun? Humayun wanted to recreate the system, maintaining Sher Shah's village and district administration, while dividing the domain into provinces, each with its own capital. They were, however, defeated several times, pardoned by Humayun every time but, ultimately, were captured and punished. 1. Humayun defeated his brother Kamran Mirza in Kabul Mughal custom all royal princes were equally entitled to inherit power, which led to many rivalries in later years when Mughal princes fought each other until the most competent, the most ruthless, or simply the luckiest ascended the throne." When Babur defeated to Rana Sanga? ... Humayun was defeated in the battle of Kanauj in 1540. The first battle was fought at Chausa on Jun 26, 1539. Dec 13,2020 - Who defeat emperor humayun? Sher Shah successfully defeated Humayun in the battles of Chausa. 3) Who of the following was Humayun’s wife? Muhammad Adil Shah Firoz Shah Suri Sikandar Shah Suri Sher Shah Suri Here he was joined back by Hindal and Yadgar Mirza. Wars with Bahadur Shah (1535-1536) Bahadur Shah added Malwa in 1531, and caught the fourth of Raisin and defeated the Chief of Chittor in 1533. In 1858 the Mughal Emperor in India was defeated in battle, and deposed by whom or what? His biggest rival was Sher Shah Suri who defeated him in the battle of Kannauj in the year 1540. c) 30 December 1530. Humayun captured Kandhar and Kabul from Kamran in 1545 A.D. and retained Kandhar to himself after the death of the son of Shah Tahmasp. In 1539, he defeated Humayun in the Battle of Chausa and assumed the royal title of Farid al-Din Sher Shah. 1) What is the meaning of Humayun? In 1555, Humayun defeated the Afghans and recovered the Mughal throne. Answer: Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jahangir, Shah Jahan, Aurangzeb were the Mughal emperors. c) Sher Khan. Check the below NCERT MCQ Questions for Class 7 History Chapter 4 The Mughal Empire with Answers Pdf free download. Humayun marched against Bahadur Shah and easily defeated his forces. He received an upbringing typical for princes of his stature. Mughal Empire MCQ is important for exams like IBPS, SCC, UPSC, NET etc. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the famous Battle of Panipat in 1526. He again defeated Humayun on May 17, 1540 in the battle of Kannauj and forced Humayun to go out of India and live in exile. b) Khurram. Humayun was forced to go to Persia in exile, for 15 years. We have Provided The Mughal Empire Class 7 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. Answer: In 1527 Babur defeated to Rana Sanga, Rajput rulers and allies. Defeated once before by Babur in the battle of Ghagra, this is Mahumud’s second and final defeat – this point onward one ceases to hear much of Mahmud Lodi. He also loved painting and wrote poetry in the Persian Mughal Dynasty General Knowledge. His Death. He recovered it from Sher Shah’s descendants in 1555. Who was the first ruler of Mughal Empire and who … Humayun was an opium addict who spent little time with his wives or members of his harem. The battle of Chausa was a … Humayun inherited an empire barely held together by force of arms. His brothers attempted to attack him and were also defeated. But, on January 24, 1556, in pious response to the sacred call of the muazzin for evening prayer, Humayun, while hurriedly descending from his library in Delhi, stumbled down the stairs. Humayun was kind and generous, though he was not a good General and warrior. Sher Khan's army attacked the Mughals who fell into utter confusion and were severely defeated. Humayun ascended the throne at Agra on December 30, 1530, at the age of 23, four days after his father’s death. This made him face many problems from the very start. Mughal Empire MCQ Questions and answers with easy explanations. Give the names of all Mughal emperors. Unable to judge the growing power of Sher Shah, Humayun was defeated in the battle of Kanauj in 1540. Chapter 7 – Humayun invades India. Humayun is the second Mughal emperor, the dynasty ruling North India from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century. Find an answer to your question who defeated Humayun 1. Humayun, second Mughal ruler of India. In this article, you will find some general knowledge of the Mughal Dynasty who ruled most of Indian sub-continent from the start of 16th to the mid of18th century. Humayun Quiz Questions with Answers. The empire that Humayun inherited after his father Babar was very unstable and lacked strong administration. Humayun, defeated and overthrown, had to flee to Iran. Six months after his succession, Humayun besieged the fortress of Kalinjar in Bundelkhand, gained a decisive victory over Afghans at Douhrua and drove out Sultan Mahmood Lodhi from Jaunpur, and even defeated Bahadur Shah of Gujarat. At Chausa in 1539 and over 8,000 Mughals troops were killed in the bloody battle. Humayun was defeated by insurrections of nobles from the old Lodi regime. The son and successor of Babur, the founder of the Mughal dynasty, Humayun ruled from 1530 to 1540 and again from 1555 to 1556. Question 2. Answer: He became a fugitive and escaped towards Iran via Sindh. Log in. It lacked a united civil administration. He was an able man, but neither did he, more than the prince whom he supplanted, possess the genius of consolidation and union. This considerably weakened Humayun's strength, and to add to his miseries, his own brothers were also plotting against him. 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