Eat foods low in saturated fat, cholesterol, and simple carbs. This is called familial hypercholesterolemia and is caused by a genetic mutation that decreases the liver’s ability to clear excess cholesterol. LDL causes the build-up of fatty deposits within your arteries, reducing or blocking the flow of blood and oxygen your heart needs. Low-density lipoprotein particles are small, relatively buoyant spheres made up of lipids (fats) and proteins. That is why LDL cholesterol is referred to as "bad" cholesterol. Too much of the bad kind, or not enough of the good kind, increases the risk cholesterol will slowly build up in the inner walls of the arteries that feed the heart and brain. The good news is that, unlike other risk factors, you may be able to prevent high LDL levels or lower your LDL levels if they are already high. (Simple carbs include foods like sugar, white bread, and white crackers.) It ferries insoluble cholesterol through the bloodstream to the nerves and other tissues that need it. Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) and very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL) are two types of lipoproteins that are found in your blood. Just how far to lower LDL… LDL cholesterol can build up on the walls of your arteries and increase your chances of getting heart disease. The fact is, elevated low-density lipoprotein (LDL), the bad cholesterol, is a major cause of heart disease. This condition can lead to very high LDL levels, and heart attack or stroke at a young age in multiple generations. In the right amount, LDL is good β€” necessary, actually. Just make sure to eat in moderation, as chocolate is also high in saturated fat and sugar. Recheck them every five years if they’re good, and every year if they’re high, according to The National Institutes of Health. This can lead to chest pain and heart attack. Having untreated high levels of LDL cholesterol, the β€œbad” cholesterol, can place you at risk of developing heart disease. LDL cholesterol levels are associated with a low risk of developing cardiovascular disease, especially if one has prior heart issues. Lowering LDL with medications and/or lifestyle changes has been shown to lower CVD risk. Cholesterol is a fatty substance that’s needed to build cells. Dark chocolate contains flavonoids, antioxidants that help lower LDL levels. LDL is also called β€œbad” cholesterol because it blocks your blood vessels and increases your risk for heart disease. A good LDL number is less than 130 – better yet, less than 100. Healthy foods and exercise can cut your LDL levels. Indulge a Little. The two types of cholesterol are: LDL cholesterol, which is bad, and HDL, which is good. By the age 20, everyone should know their good (HDL), bad (LDL), triglyceride, and total cholesterol numbers. 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